Monday, September 10, 2007

The Official Shopping List from Israel!

I did a half-hour special report on Headlines Today on August 16 based on a Defence Ministry document that I happened to get my hands on. It's a briefing note prepared by the MoD for the Ministry of External Affairs listing all the major military cooperation programmes and contracts currently on with Israel, and -- probably more importantly -- the ones currently on the table. It's a fascinating little document. Not least because the Defence Ministry and the Israeli embassy have a pronounced "no-comment" policy on all defence cooperation, despite common knowledge that it has expanded to astounding proportions in just the handful of years that the two countries have done open military business post-Kargil.

We've all known about the Phalcons and the Tavors and the Greenpines for years. But here's those and a lot more, in writing. Submerged launch vehicles. Gabriel anti-ship missiles. The F-INSAS advisory package. Desert Eagle handguns. The works. Here's formal confirmation (not "sources said") too that Israel is working in an official advisory role on the indigenous AEW&C and F-INSAS programmes. The most important part however -- this is a list of only the large and major contracts and programmes. The source who shared this with me says it highlights only a fraction of what is an intricate and enormous cooperation of either deals in negotiation, or very near conclusion -- and they span every conceivable area of military hardware and co-development, from anti-terror tracked robots to tritium sights.

Anyway, here's the list in full:

CONCLUDED/ON-GOING CONTRACTS

PHALCON AWACS (IAF)
BARAK MISSILE SYSTEM (NAVY)
SPYDER LLQRM SYSTEM (IAF)
GREENPINE LLT AND BM TRACKING RADAR (ARMY/IAF)
CRYSTAL MAZE STAND-OFF PGM (IAF)
HERON UAV (IAF/NAVY)
PYTHON AAM (NAVY)
ELTA EL/M-2032 FC RADAR FOR SEA HARRIER (NAVY)
EL/M-2083 AEROSTAT RADAR
SEARCHER-II UAV (IAF/ARMY/NAVY)
TAR-21 5.56MM ASSAULT RIFLE (ARMY/SF)
GALIL ASSAULT/SNIPER RIFLE (ARMY/SF)
INDIGENOUS AEW&C ADVISORY AND SUBSYSTEMS (DRDO)
F-INSAS INFANTRY MODERNISATION ADVISORY (DRDO/ARMY)
LAHAT TUBE MUNITION SYSTEM (ARMY)
GLASS COCKPIT KIT FOR HAL DHRUV (IAF)
SUPER DVORA MK-II PATROL BOAT (COAST GUARD)
UPGRADE PKG MIG-21 (IAF)
155MM AMMUNITION
155MM CARGO AMMUNITION
INFANTRY SUPPORT SYSTEMS (NV DEVICES, TRITIUM SIGHT)

PROPOSED SYSTEMS UNDER JWG/UNDER EVALUATION

MEDIUM-RANGE SURFACE TO AIR MISSILE (DRDO/ARMY/NAVY/IAF)
155MM 52-CALIBRE AUTONOMOUS & TOWED ARTY (ARMY)
SKYLITE-B MICRO-UAV / I-VIEW UAV (ARMY/SF)
LITENING POD FOR MIRAGE-2000/JAGUAR (IAF)
SPIKE MPATGM (ARMY)
DELILAH-II AR-MISSILE W/ LOITER CAPABILITY (IAF)
PYTHON AAM / DERBY AAM (IAF)
SPYDER LLQRM (ARMY)
GABRIEL MK-III ASHM (IAF/NAVY)
DESERT EAGLE/JERICHO HANDGUN (ARMY/SF)
NEGEV MACHINEGUN (ARMY)
MICRO-UZI/UZI M-PISTOL (SF)
UPGRADE PKGS MIRAGE 2000H, MIG-29, TU-142, MI-17 HELO
ANTI-BALLISTIC MISSILE SYSTEM
SUBMERGED LAUNCH VEHICLE
PGMS / BOMB GUIDANCE KITS
UAV/AUV TECHNICAL ADVISORY
AVIONICS PKGS

So there it is -- still only a partial list, but official. There's a new Israeli ambassador coming shortly, and he's going to have this massive legacy of cooperation to continue.

11 comments :

Anonymous said...

Shiv, cant u announce your shows on HT in advance?

Anonymous said...

Shiv, theres tons of stuff not on the list. Do you have a more complete one, or is this what you have? Curious..

-Manoj

Anonymous said...

Some of the stuff not included:

Hand held thermal imagers
Battle field surveillance radars- Medium
Tac Computers and Terminals for Army..


-Manoj

Abhiman said...

The services trialed, negotiated and contracted or ALL these systems with such warp speed that is hardly visible while asking for Indian systems.

India has indigenous systems in the offing, but the services prefer only imported hardware because of a premediated bias :-

1) Barak -- Akash.

2) Spyder -- Trishul.

3) UAV's -- Lakshya, MALE

4) Galil -- INSAS (why 2 assault rifles are needed ?)

5) ABM system -- PAD & AAD

6) SPIKE MPATGM (ARMY) -- Nag

6) Greenpine -- DRDO has developed indigenous system.

7) MEDIUM-RANGE SURFACE TO AIR MISSILE -- Again Akash (what was the earlier Barak for?)

For the Trishul, it has been 1 year since development work was declared over and negotiations between the IAF and DRDO for arriving at specifications for the proposed user-trilas of Trishul was announced. Leave aside the user-trials, news about the negotiations is yet to be released.
In case of Akash, one may have easily forgotten when user-trials for the same were scheduled and delayed.

As per the interview of head of DRDO Mr. Saraswat, Nag's user-trials were also scheduled in this year. There are numerous news reports of 2006 lso as per which the DRDO has claimed the completion of Nag and Akash and expressed desire and hope for conducting their user-trials with the services.

What is unclear is that when indigenous PAD and AAD are in the threshold of development, what is the immediate hurry in buying an Israeli ABM system ? As regards INSAS rifles, even Bussiness world's latest issue has questioned the continued import of AK-47s despite the successful induction of INSAS rifles.

Thank you.

Shiv Aroor said...

manoj: that's correct. like i've said in the article, this is only a list of the major contracts. the document contained six more pages with all the rest of the stuff, done to the tiniest nut and bolt. that of course included HHTIs, battlefield radars etc.

abhiman: you're well-intentioned but you're little comparison of what we have in india is ridiculous. let's not kid ourselves!

Abhiman said...

Mr. Aroor, there may not be any need to purchase Israeli ABM when the indigenous PAD/AAD system is progressing well. Dr. Saraswat even described its working in brief and stated that it is infact superior to Israel's Arrow system.

A cursory google search can display news items for the various statement by DRDO stating that Nag has been completed and user-trials are awaited. The following are some of them :

Nag missile ready for induction into Army 21 Feb 2003,
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/38180929.cms


Akash/Nag missile trials next year: Aatre August 21, 2003
http://inhome.rediff.com/news/2003/aug/21akash.htm?zcc=ar

NAG test-fired successfully Jun 15, 2004
http://www.blonnet.com/2004/06/15/stories/2004061502510600.htm

Aerial version of Nag being developed (Land version ready) Mar 24, 2005
http://www.hindu.com/2005/03/24/stories/2005032405311200.htm

Thus, it is unclear why Israeli ATGM Spike is being purchased in place of Nag.

The same state has been reached in case of Akash missile and Trishul missles. Reports from 2004 onwards till 2007 clearly indicate that Akash has been completed and user-trials are awaited. I leave that to the reader, as there are abundant news reports.
For the Trishul, the 2006 reports about IAF's pledge of conducting user-trials is as follows :-

Trishul Missile Project Completed at the Cost of Rs. 275 Crore 29/11/06
http://www.india-defence.com/reports/2701

Govt denies winding up Trishul missile project 29 Nov, 2006
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/NEWS/India/Govt_denies_winding_up_Trishul_missile_project/articleshow/636092.cms


Again, both the Spyder and Trishul are 12-15 km range LLRQMs. The Spyder due to its active seeker, has the fcaility of a slightly higher range that's all. (marketed as LOAL mode).
The Trishul's 3-beam guidance is also unique, ensures high accuracy and almost jam-proof.

It is also unclear as to why Israeli 5.56 mm assault rifles like Galil are needed when INSAS has already proved its mettle during the Kargil war. It is also not clear which other surface to air missile is being procured from Israel after the already incumbent Barak and 'Maitri'.

Thank you.

Abhiman said...

CVC to probe missile deal with Israel The Hindu, Sep 14, 2007.

The SPYDER missile deal, has also proven to have been executed by bribery and underhand dealings, like Barak was in the year 2000. The excellent news may be that the Spyder deal will be cancelled, thus giving a lease of life to the Trishul. The media will of course start justifying this scam, by the routine blaming of Trishul and a final retort of, "commissions are an age-old accepted part of this field".

It is unclear how a Spyder system is more advantageous than Trishul other than in having a range higher by 3 kms. Like Trishul, a Spyder TEL also has 4 missile units aimed at a specific direction. The Trishul is continously guided by the radar affixed at the TEl, but as per army-technology.com, the Spyder is instructed to change course in the 'general' direction of the target, just prior to being fired. As soon as it is fired, it keeps going as per stored instruction, until its active seeker locates the target and goes after it on its own. That's why its seeker has a 100 deg. boresight capability, so that even if it is highly off-course well into flight, its seeker can swing it around to the correct course as soon as the target is within the seeker's range.


It is unclear how it will handle a cluster of closely spaced targets. The Trishul on the other hand can do that perfectly, as its radar at the TEL only tracks one target for each missile throughout the missile's flight.

Also, a SPYDER is dependent on a CCU for operation, whereas a Trishul can be self-sufficient system ensconed in a TEL itself, because the TEL has the tracking and guidance radars. A provision to communicate to a higher-level surveillance radar away from the TEL should be possible.

Thank you.

References :-
http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=9433

http://www.army-technology.com/projects/spyder/

Anonymous said...

Shiv,

Thanks,

Do you have the entire six page document with you, can you post more on it? The smaller items are often more interesting than all the big guns and tanks and stuff.

-Manoj

Abhiman said...

The following excerpt is taken by a seminal paper titled, "Indo-US Nuclear Deal: Where are the Blocks? ", authored by Reshmi Kazi, Research Fellow, IPCS and
Amit Kumar Singh, Research Officer, IPCS. It was read at the Seminar held at the IPCS on 18 May 2007 :-

"There is a fundamental difference between Homi Bhabha's policy of growing science and the policy of importing science. The process of growing science does not involve a jump from the base level to the most advanced aspects without undertaking the intermediate trial and error methods.Cutting edge technology is not given by any state that acquires it for the obvious reason that in the present day, the technology edge sets nations apart. The technology that would be handed over, therefore, will be second- or third-rate.

It could not have expressed it so exactly and lucidly. Hence, what the media thinks is "co-operation" between India and Israel is nothing more than the sale of these weapons.

Nowadays, even licence production rights are marketed as "join-venture" and "strategic cooperation". This is exactly what is being presented to the Indian public on the PAK-FA program.. The PAK-FA is to India what JF-17 is to Pakistan :- The contribution is only in funding, in return for licence production rights.

Similarly, Israeli SAM projects are also not JVs in the real sense of the term. IF they do materialize (which is unlikely considering the corruption case regarding SPYDER and the dubious track-record of Barak), Israeli contribution will primarily be in sensors/seekers whereas Indian contribution will be in propulsion, integration, and other sub-systems.. Neither party will share their actual technology of their contributions with the other. Only the external interfaces of their technology will be shared so that they can be 'put together' to work in tandem.

Thank you.

Reference :
http://ipcs.org/US_related_seminars2.jsp?action=showView&kValue=2323

Anonymous said...

i didnt find ELTA EL/M 2032 derivative(?) for the LCA MMR as HAL and LRDE jointly goofed up indigenous development.

Anonymous said...

I wonder why should India give out so much information in the name of Transparency. Do you ever get to hear anything about China's plans like this?